CAIRN-INT.INFO : International Edition

The rural habitat is extremely diversified and reflects the diversity of the social groups that inhabit it. It includes the farmers’ farms and their suburban-style houses, the social housing of rural workers, the residential areas and the “village centers,” second houses and beautiful country houses, bourgeois mansions and castles belonging to the former gentry. This article focuses on the housing of cereal-producing farmers. Using a local and relational approach, it seeks to situate the residential practices of these framers in relation to those of other rural social groups. It uses human habitat as one instrument among others that makes it possible to objectivize economic and cultural forms of capital. Since the Second World War, whether it is the rare castle that remains the privilege of those born into gentry families, the morphing of farms into suburban houses, or the recent wave of rural gentrification, the residential practices of farmers materialize their upward social mobility toward the economic fractions of the petty bourgeoisie.

Gilles Laferte
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