Agriculture in Nepal, both in the mountains and in the plain, mainly consists in subsistence and family farming. However, it has strong, complementary, and longstanding links with migration, especially labor migration, since families have been able to continue farming ancestral lands or have settled in the plain, the rice bowl of the country. The number of Nepalese people migrating has increased, affecting agriculture, which has become more monetized and feminized and has resulted in a lack of male labor force in a still densely populated country. New and more profitable labor migrations to faraway places such as the Gulf countries have induced urbanized behavior although there has been no rural out-migration. Along with other changes in the society (education, urbanization, etc.), these new migrations lead to a change in the aspirations of young migrants, who tend to turn their backs on agriculture.
- peasant farming