The economic literature emphasizes the impact of age at labour market entry on future earnings as well as on the decision to leave the parent’s house and on the marital and social status. Many young Senegalese men enter the labour market as apprentices: does the early entry into the labour market entail a relegation to a subordinate employment status?Using data from the Poverty and Family Structure (PSF) survey conducted with 1,785 Senegalese households in 2006, we estimate competing risks models. We emphasize the determinants of labour market entry as an apprentice rather than with another status. By comparing different cohorts, we show that apprenticeship is more widespread for the youngest generations, while the determinants of apprenticeship have not changed. The comparison of marital status and careers of former apprentices suggest that their status when entering into the labour market affects their occupational and social integration.
- labour market
- inter-generational comparisons
- competing risks models