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This article examines the sexist and racist motives behind the opposition on Twitter to the alleged dissemination of ‘gender theory’ in State schools. The analysis of 11,383 tweets published between October 5, 2014 and July 17, 2017 shows that the opposition to ‘gender theory’ crystallizes around a public figure constructed as abject: the Ministry of Education Najat Vallaud-Belkacem. Opposition to the alleged diffusion of ‘gender theory’, is fueled by the opposition to others educational developments, also attributed to the Minister of Education, such as the supposedly compulsory teaching of Arabic in State schools. In this process, the construction of the Minister as an object of hatred illustrates a fear of a ‘threat to Western civilization’. The article concludes that social representations of race and gender which characterize the anti-gender movement have thus enabled the formation of a broad coalition of oppositions to ‘gender theory’.


  • Gender (controversy about)
  • Sexism
  • Racism
  • School
  • Twitter
  • Najat Vallaud-Belkacem
Virginie Julliard
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Uploaded on on 30/11/-0001
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