This paper reviews how the field of women’s entrepreneurship has developed over the past decade and highlights key “shake-up” research contributions. The author asks: What are the scholarly themes (and which scholars have identified them) that have made the most impact by “shaking up” the status quo in women’s entrepreneurship research? The paper contributes to current academic knowledge by highlighting the variety of contexts in which women’s entrepreneurship occurs; showing how contexts influence entrepreneurial efforts; and suggesting that the next generation of scholars must ensure “shake-up” efforts continue. For practitioners, the paper highlights the value of family and networking in women’s entrepreneurship; calls on policy makers and support bodies to acknowledge the different conditions in which women entrepreneurs operate; and questions whether having more women entrepreneurs is actually a positive development.
The field of women’s entrepreneurship has developed considerably over recent years, with evidence of more scholarly, policy and practitioner interest (OECD-GWEP). Women’s entrepreneurship articles have appeared in more journals, books, open access outlets, blogs and social media platforms, permeating across a much wider range of discipline areas (including but not limited to entrepreneurship; management; gender studies; human resources; STEM; education; work, employment and labour markets) (Brush et al.). Such diversity of publications helps broaden the scope and depth of the field and enhances understanding.
Amidst all this scholarly activity, this paper asks: What are the scholarly themes—(and which scholars have identified them)—that have made the most impact by way of ‘shaking-up’ the status quo in women’s entrepreneurship research? The paper reviews publications published over a ten-year period in the International Journal of Gender & Entrepreneurship (IJGE)—a CABS-ranked (Chartered Association of Business Schools) journal, and the only one focused on gender and entrepreneurship research. First published in 2009, IJGE is still relatively young but has established a reputation for publishing ground-breaking research from leading international scholars. Through ‘general’, ‘special’ and ‘legacy’ issues, IJGE captures a wide range of conceptualizations relating to women’s entrepreneurship. The ‘legacy’ special issues (SIs) highlight the novel and exciting work of young scholars—as recommended by more senior scholars in the field…
- ‘Shake-up’ moments in previous research over the past forty years
- More nuanced insights on how women ‘do’ entrepreneurship
- Novel questions about gender-role identity, women’s networks and challenges
- ‘Shake-up’ results since 2011
- Women’s positivity toward networking
- Need to promote women-specific innovation
- Gender identity
- Embedded gender biases
- Legacy paper ‘shake-up’ contributions
- A diversified agenda to enhance women’s entrepreneurship!
- Implications for research: Crafting a future research agenda
- Implications for practice: What do these findings mean for policy makers and support bodies?
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