This article explores how European policies introducing higher vocational studies have transformed university systems in Italy and France. Our empirical analysis offers an over-time, cross-national comparison of professional training for social workers, investigating its role within the university as a specific (educational) field and as a training device. Our results thus offer crucial insights on competing understandings of higher education in the two countries.
- international comparison
- higher education
- professionalisation of teaching
- education policy
- European Union
- diploma creation - diploma updating
- Social worker