Analyses of globalization often derive from thinking processes that rule out the principle of non-contradiction and lead to rigid assumptions on the way globalization evolves. Complex thinking, according to Edgar Morin, is not constrained in this way and acknowledges, as in Chinese thinking in the strict sense, the coexistence of opposites, including their dynamics, which in Taoist philosophy should lead to harmony. This, in a sense, gives a margin for maneuver and thus opens the way to multiple possibilities. This article describes some of the kinships between complex thinking and patterns of Chinese thinking. It also examines the particular touch brought by Edgar Morin, a legacy of the Greek thinkers. This concerns the way cognitive and communicational democracy accompanies the play of opposites, an idea that Chinese thinking does not address. A bridge thus forms between Western and Far Eastern thinking.
- complex thinking
- dynamics of opposites
- patterns of Chinese thinking
- cognitive and communicational democracy