The recent succession of crises within the European Union has revealed profound misunderstandings and situations of uncommunication between North and South, East and West, and even within individual Member States. In most cases, their debates on solidarity within the Eurozone, on receiving migrants and refugees and on delivering humanitarian aid in practice, have not ventured beyond their own national contexts. The European Union is in crisis, its principles shrugged off and frequently rejected, citizenship is incomplete, integration hamstrung by local or national identity-seeking and poor legitimation of common institutions. At the same time, more and more citizens are becoming “mobile” within the controlled space of the EU, while often aspiring to other forms of participation and involvement.
- European mobility
- refugee crisis