CAIRN-INT.INFO : International Edition


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Reference Points

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Part 1: Current Evolutions

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Part 2: Game Plan, Strategies, and Positionings

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Part 3: Social Policies and the Challenge of Regional Implementation

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Research on Social Issues

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The laws that initiated the decentralization of social affairs in France were adopted in two successive waves (1982–1983 and 2003–2004). For three decades, social affairs have been at the core of the decentralization process and its related dynamics in the field of social aid and action that warrant a few questions. The growing complexity of the social institutional environment is a source of bureaucratic red tape that makes it difficult for regional authorities to access the financial resources necessary to fund programs. This issue of Informations Sociales analyzes Act II of decentralization in France by taking stock of recent reforms, such as the general revision of public policies or the reforms of local governments. The issue critically reviews current analyses of decentralization, focusing on evaluating the processes and results. Overall, does decentralization question the evolution of social affairs in the French regionalized welfare state? What are the methods available to decentralized authorities to implement their respective powers? How have the legal and regulatory provisions relative to social action actually been implemented and with what impact? What is the extent of unavoidable territorial inequalities and their impacts on equal rights? The first part looks back on the historical and current issues in decentralization, with regard to the division of competences as well as the very nature of social affairs. A second part examines the positioning of different state, local government, and association actors, in order to highlight structures, partnerships, and rivalries. Finally, a third part is dedicated to social policy itself and to its implementation in the field.
Created in 1946, this journal is published by the French National Family Allowance Fund (Caisse nationale des allocations familiales) as a tool for reflection for social workers and a place for synthesis and debate for researchers and decision makers. Read more...
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