CAIRN-INT.INFO : International Edition
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Reference Points

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Part 1: The Framework of Mediation

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Part 2: Different Types of Mediation

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Part 3: Mediation Actors

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Mediation practices to resolve disagreements—whether between individuals (natural persons and/or legal persons), in civil matters, between public services and their users, or even between/within businesses—have been developed over the past few years, and we have witnessed an increase in the number of mediation cases. This method of conflict resolution is an alternative to those offered by institutions, notably legal institutions, and has become a profession, even resembling an institution itself. This issue focuses on the development on the mediation culture in different areas (family, education, communities, government, civil, etc.). It reexamines meditation through an inventory of practices across different situations and assesses mediation issues and limits. In the first part, we review the development of mediation and its potential “instrumentalization,” and we identify key features common to all mediations. The second part of this issue reviews different mediation practices and their varying degrees of institutionalization, which could surreptitiously lead to the implementation of social control. Finally, the third part looks at actors with varying roles in the field of mediation. We show that the variety in mediation practices presents a theoretical unity and identity when compared with other conflict resolution practices.
Created in 1946, this journal is published by the French National Family Allowance Fund (Caisse nationale des allocations familiales) as a tool for reflection for social workers and a place for synthesis and debate for researchers and decision makers. Read more...
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