Since the 1960s, the development of the cultural field and the change in meaning of cultural practices have weakened the absolute legitimacy of high culture and have produced an eclectic cultural figure including higher education graduates, more open to contemporary genres. As an extension of the “Tablature” model, this article tests the link between upper categories – the most eclectic – and the field of cultural practices. Based on a national survey on French cultural practices in 2008, this article uses a classification analysis method on culturally eclectic people. Statistical analysis indicates a qualitative diversity of forms of eclectic people. It allows us to discuss the links between position and the portfolio of tastes, between social legitimacy and the cultural recognition of genres. We argue for a model of cultural diversity, basing the argument on the differentiation of eclecticisms, cultural recognition of artistic genres and contemporary non-ascetic nor ‘contemptuous’ consumption.
- cultural diversity
- cultural practices