CAIRN-INT.INFO : International Edition

We analyze the history of urban hospitals, or in other words, their relationships with the city. From quarantine measures which threw the plague-stricken out of cities to the hygienists of the nineteenth century, hospitals have become a central urban service because urban growth has caught up with them. Any consideration of their role in various territories cannot be limited to a statistical approach. It is the mirror of the city and must meet the needs of all users, patients, nursing staff, and visitors. Although modern, technology-driven hospitals remain innovative and efficient, they must break down the virtual walls which surround them and prevent them from having close relationships with the living environments of potential patients.


Michel Cantal-Dupart
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