CAIRN-INT.INFO : International Edition

This article discusses organizations “enhanced” by artificial intelligence and proposes a critical reading of them in light of the concept of control. Based on an anthropological documentary study bringing together recent international literature of a prospective or strategic nature produced by public agencies, researchers, firms, and essayists, it deconstructs the system of power that emerges. Its dialectic brings out an organizational dystopia that describes a dehumanization of organizations, immediately mediated by a managerial utopia that rehumanizes the worker. Dystopia involves three forms of control: over machines, over algorithms, and over the center. Utopia mobilizes three other forms: humanist, Darwinian, and ethical. The article concludes with a discussion of the place of the humanities within this context.


  • Artificial intelligence
  • enhanced organizations
  • machines
  • control
  • human
  • work
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