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The relevance of languages and multilingual communication for social policy and solidarity in the context of the nation state has generally been recognized. However, in the context of Europeanization this factor has been underestimated and neglected in scientific research. This paper argues that languages and multilingual communication are relevant for the design of Social Europe. In order to support this hypothesis the paper relies on an analytical tool, the so-called floral figuration model proposed in Swaan (1988). This model allows us to isolate social and linguistic actors and track down complex patterns of linguistic and communicative exclusion in Europe’s system of multi-level governance. These patterns also refer to international or global English, or its technically adapted Brussels variety “Euro-English” and appear in a case study on the Netherlands. This country has recently started to pursue a neoliberal welfare policy and an assimilatory policy towards migrants in order to respond to the eurozone crisis. It is concluded that these patterns of linguistic and communicative exclusion must be rendered first into inclusive ones before a European social policy can be realized.

László Marácz
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