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In Philosophy of Revelation, Schelling suggests a true philosophy of the diabolical function. The devil is the principle of pagan religions ("prince of this world") as well as of evil (the origin, the root of evil, "radical evil"). Such a twofold function gives measure of the devil’s Erhabenheit or majesty which indeed well translates the intrinsic idea of the Greek term kyriotès, i.e. the idea of sovereignty. Shelling’s analysis is critical of representations which do not factor in the diabolical principle and its majesty. Negatively, the devil is neither an eternally evil principle nor eternally evil creature. Positively, Schelling uses his theory of divine Potenzen to recapture non speculative tradition in philosophical terms: the devil is not different from the primal power reactivated by man whereas the latter in fact ought to rest in him. The devil thus plays havoc with man in a manner identical to the essence of this latter power which is what should not, but may, be made manifest. The devil can only enjoy this usurped existence by using suspicion, lies and jealousy to tempt and mislay man. It is such a necessity which makes him the paradoxical tool of revelation.


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