This article deals with the evolution of Turkish migratory process in Germany and in France. The younger generations in Hamburg and Bordeaux are especially studied. This study is based on a qualitative methodology. Two investigations were carried (in Hambourg, Germany and Bordeaux, France) using observations of different neighbourhoods and indirect in-depth interviews with forty youth in Bordeaux (the neighbourhoods spanning from Palmer to Cenon, covering three zones from Génicart to Lormont) and with forty youth in Hambourg (Altona/Sankt Pauli, Sankt Georg, Billstedt and Wilhelmsburg).
This survey underlines several patterns of migratory dynamics. We confirms the existence of a segmented assimilation within the Turkish migratory dynamic. Turkish immigration, described as a transnational phenomenon, therefore adapts itself according to the society it encounters.
The first process leans on the community and on its economic and identity resources. This pattern is also based upon the urban youth’s strategies of differentiation. A second process is characterised by a downward assimilation, a juvenile marginalization/discrimination and by a failing social and symbolic mobility.
The third pattern is a more « classical » model of integration. It corresponds much more to French and German prescriptions, which are often normative. In each country, these processes are influenced by different contexts (national, institutional and local), which produce paradoxical results. The current context in Bordeaux preserves ethnic solidarities very well, but it also makes individual success harder, in spite of the republicain philosophy, constituting a source of frustration for the local population.
- Turkish immigration
- young generations
- segmented assimilation