The theory of structural homology between the social space and the space of lifestyles is regularly called into question by research highlighting the attenuation of dispositional factors –cultural capital, economic capital, social origin, etc.– in the structuring of tastes, to the benefit of the generational variable in particular. The younger generations in particular are suspected of being much less attentive to the norms of cultural legitimacy. This article critically engages the theory of structural homology based on the results of a survey carried out among a population of 1351 young people –for the vast majority of students– aged from 18 to 20 and recruited in different spheres of higher education. Confronting this population to an open question on their cinematographic preferences, the survey makes it possible to interrogate the level of cultural legitimacy of the films they prefer in an original way, based on their labelling as “Art et essai”. The results demonstrate that the inherited cultural capital continues to strongly structure the cultural tastes of the youth.
- cultural legitimacy
- sociology of cultural practices