CAIRN-INT.INFO : International Edition

This article analyzes the institutional commodification of science and its consequences for researchers: are the boundaries separating researchers from entrepreneurs collapsing under the pressure of economic demands? Is the scientific identity of the former at stake? The analysis of a sample of 41 researchers who created their own companies makes it possible to distinguish between three forms of entrepreneurship —“academic,â€? “pioneeringâ€? and “Janus-likeâ€?— that constitute particular responses to this institutional commodification. Each of these types follows a specific pattern of organizing the relations between the company and the research laboratory, a particular “mode of coordination.â€? Yet, this entrepreneurial commitment does not imply the complete loss of academic bearings. On the contrary, it appears that a strong differentiation between the researchers ensures the cohesion of the collective enterprise. This observation calls into question the relevance of the themes of “hybridizationâ€? or epistemological transformation.


    Distribution électronique pour Le Seuil © Le Seuil. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays. Il est interdit, sauf accord préalable et écrit de l’éditeur, de reproduire (notamment par photocopie) partiellement ou totalement le présent article, de le stocker dans une banque de données ou de le communiquer au public sous quelque forme et de quelque manière que ce soit.
    Loading... Please wait